中学

2021福建教师资格证笔试中学英语:非谓语动词8

华图教师网 2021-11-09 15:43

 

秘诀八、非谓语动词作状语,其逻辑主语必须和句子主语保持一致,和句子主语构成主谓关系时用-ing形式,构成动宾关系是用-ed形式。其逻辑主语和句子主语不一致时,要在非谓语动词前加逻辑主语,构成独立主格结构。

例15.____twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters unless we changed our dog.

A. Being bitten B. Bitten

C. Having bitten D. To be bitten

【解析】本题考查非谓语动词作状语,其逻辑主语应和句子主语the postman一致,the postman应该是被咬,所以答案为B。

例16._______ in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring.

A. To walk B. Walking

C. Walked D. Having walked

【解析】本题考查非谓语动词作状语,其逻辑主语应和句子主语he一致, he 和walk应该是主动关系,所以答案为B。

例17.While watching television, __________.

A. the doorbell rang B. the doorbell rings

C. we heard the doorbell ring D. we heard the doorbell rings

【解析】根据“非谓语动词作状语,其逻辑主语必须和句子主语保持一致”的原则,watching的逻辑主语应和后面句子主语一致,所以句子主语应为“we”,答案为C。

例18.The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons ____ for the day.

A. finishing B. finished

C. had finished D. were finished

【解析】本题没有连词,所以后面应用非谓语动词,the lessons是非谓语动词的逻辑主语,和非谓语动词构成独立主格结构。根据句意应是“被完成”,所以答案为B。

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